Myopia is a term that’s used to describe ‘short-sightedness’.
Prema Aesthetics

What Is Myopia?

This condition is very common and is experienced by around 1 in every 10 people to some degree, with approximately 5% of these people having severe myopia.

Those who are affected by short-sightedness (myopia) will often require the use of glasses to help with distance vision because objects that are further away, will appear to be blurred. This Condition is often diagnosed by an optician who considers the patient’s symptoms, as well as carrying out a sight test to confirm the diagnosis. Regular sight tests will monitor the condition as it can progress further with time, showing on the optician’s prescription with a minus sign before the number (sphere) – e.g. -2.00D.

The severity of the condition is reflected by the size of the number, with a smaller number representing a milder concern.
Myopia is a condition that seems to be increasing in prevalence, and experts are predicting that by 2050, almost 5 billion people will be affected. This would be an increase of around 3 billion from the 2 billion cases that were recorded in 2010.

What Are the Causes of Myopia?

If the eye grows too long from front to back, or the cornea’s shape becomes irregular, it can affect the clarity of near vision. Genetics or environmental / lifestyle factors can contribute to the development of myopia, such as: low levels of outdoor activity, gaming, prolonged near tasks (reading), prolonged screen time (laptop, smart phone) and working in poor light.


What Is the Treatment for Myopia?

Many people with short-sightedness will have glasses prescribed for them by their optician. These can be long term, and the prescription may change over time. Alternatively, patients can undergo refractive surgery for a long term / permanent solution. Prema frequently performs LASIK, RLE (Refractive Lens Exchange) and ICL (Implantable Contact Lens) to improve myopia and reduce the need for glasses. A consultation with one of our experts will outline which procedure is most suitable.

What concerns are related to Myopia?

  • Regular headaches
  • Eye strain (also known as asthenopia)
  • Difficulty with clear distance vision

Treatments Spotlight


Treatment Category


The most popular laser eye surgery is LASIK. It’s used to treat common concerns we refer to as refractive errors, including: astigmatism, myopia and hyperopia.

Implantable Contact Lens

Treatment Category

Implantable Contact Lens

A patient may be considered unsuitable for laser eye surgery (usually LASIK) if they are over 40 and have a particularly high prescription.

Laser Eye Surgery

Treatment Category

Laser Eye Surgery

At Prema, we use LASEK as one method for safe and effective laser eye surgery. We can treat common sight concerns such as: hyperopia, myopia and astigmatism.

Related Concerns

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